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Drupal Drush

Drupal Drush Introduction:

Drupal Drush (short for "Drupal Shell") is a powerful command-line interface (CLI) tool specifically designed for managing and administering Drupal websites. Drush streamlines many common tasks, making it easier and more efficient to work with Drupal, especially for developers and site administrators. Whether you need to update modules, clear caches, import/export configuration, or perform various site maintenance tasks, Drush can simplify the process and save you time.

Top 20 Drupal Drush Commands:

Here are 20 commonly used Drush commands to help you get started:

  1. drush status: Displays the status of your Drupal installation.
  2. drush pm-update: Checks for available updates and updates Drupal core and contributed modules.
  3. drush cc all: Clears the cache, which is useful after making changes to your site.
  4. drush dl module_name: Downloads a module.
  5. drush en module_name: Enables a module.
  6. drush dis module_name: Disables a module.
  7. drush pm-uninstall module_name: Uninstalls a module.
  8. drush pm-list --type=module --status=enabled: Lists enabled modules.
  9. drush sql-dump: Exports the Drupal database to a SQL file.
  10. drush sql-cli: Opens a MySQL command-line interface to interact with the database.
  11. drush config-export: Exports configuration settings to code.
  12. drush config-import: Imports configuration settings from code.
  13. drush config-get: Retrieves a specific configuration setting.
  14. drush cron: Runs the cron process to perform scheduled tasks.
  15. drush uli: Generates a one-time login URL.
  16. drush watchdog-show: Displays recent log messages.
  17. drush user-login: Logs in as a specific user.
  18. drush role-list: Lists all user roles.
  19. drush role-add-perm "role_name" "permission_name": Adds a permission to a role.
  20. drush watchdog-delete: Deletes log messages.

These are just a few of the many Drush commands available. Drush can significantly simplify Drupal site management and development workflows, making it an invaluable tool for Drupal professionals.

Installing Drush

Installing Drupal Drush is a straightforward process. In this tutorial, I'll guide you through the steps to install Drupal Drush on your system. Drush can be installed on both Windows and Unix-based systems, such as Linux and macOS.

Prerequisites:

  • A web server with PHP installed (Drupal itself is not required for Drush).

  • This Assumes Composer installed on your system. If not installed, you can get it from getcomposer.org.

  • Step 2: Install Drupal Drush

Once Composer is installed, you can proceed to install Drush:

  1. Open your terminal or command prompt.

  2. Run the following command to install Drush globally:

    composer global require drush/drush
  3. Wait for Composer to download and install Drush. The process may take a few minutes, depending on your internet connection.

  4. Once the installation is complete, you should see a message indicating that Drush was installed successfully.

  • Step 3: Configure Environment Variables (Optional)

To make it easier to use Drush globally without specifying the full path, you can add Composer's global bin directory to your system's PATH. Here's how to do it:

  1. Open your terminal or command prompt.

  2. Run the following command to edit your shell configuration file (e.g., .bashrc, .zshrc, or .bash_profile):

    nano ~/.bashrc
  3. Add the following line at the end of the file to include Composer's bin directory:

    export PATH="$HOME/.composer/vendor/bin:$PATH"

    If you're using a different shell or configuration file, make sure to update it accordingly.

  4. Save the file and exit the text editor.

  5. To apply the changes, either restart your terminal or run the following command:

    source ~/.bashrc

Step 4: Verify the Installation

To verify that Drush is correctly installed, run the following command:

drush --version

You should see the Drush version displayed in the terminal.

Congratulations! You've successfully installed Drupal Drush on your system. You can now use Drush to manage Drupal sites and perform various tasks from the command line.